The Rocky Relationship of Zeus and Hera
Zeus changed his beautiful lover, Io, into a black and white heifer to hide her from Hera. Hera saw through the ruse and sent Argos. The ongoing threat Hera poses to Zeus, in the “now” of the Iliad's story, .. suggests the possibility of an etymological connection between the. Hera is the goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth in ancient Greek religion and . Homer expressed her relationship with Zeus delicately in the Iliad, in which she declares to Zeus, "I am Cronus' eldest . In Homer's Iliad, when Alcmene was about to give birth to Heracles, Zeus announced to all the gods that on.
Zeus could not refuse his queen without drawing suspicion so he had to give her the beautiful heifer. Argus was a loyal servant to Hera and he has immense strength and one hundred eyes all over his body. It was not possible to go past Argus since he never closed more than half his eyes at any time.
Hera in The Iliad
Zeus was afraid of Hera's wrath could not personally intervene, so to save Io, he commanded Hermes to kill Argus, which he does by lulling all one hundred eyes into eternal sleep.
In Ovid 's interpolation, when Hera learned of Argus' death, she took his eyes and placed them in the plumage of the peacockher favorite animal, accounting for the eye pattern in its tail and making it the vainest of all animals. Eventually Io made it to Egyptthe Egyptians worshiped the snow-white heifer and named her the Egyptian goddess Isis. Hera permitted Zeus to change Io back into her human form, under the condition that he never look at her again.
Io, the goddess-queen of Egypt, then bore Zeus' son as the next King. Judgement of Paris This is one of the many works depicting the event. Hera is the goddess in the center, wearing the crown.
She was annoyed at this, so she threw from the door a gift of her own: The goddesses quarreled bitterly over it, and none of the other gods would venture an opinion favoring one, for fear of earning the enmity of the other two.
They chose to place the matter before Zeus, who, not wanting to favor one of the goddesses, put the choice into the hands of Parisa Trojan prince. After bathing in the spring of Mount Ida where Troy was situated, they appeared before Paris to have him choose.
The goddesses undressed before him, either at his request or for the sake of winning. Still, Paris could not decide, as all three were ideally beautiful, so they resorted to bribes.
Hera offered Paris political power and control of all of Asiawhile Athena offered wisdom, fame, and glory in battle, and Aphrodite offered the most beautiful mortal woman in the world as a wife, and he accordingly chose her.Zeus and Hera
The other two goddesses were enraged by this and through Helen's abduction by Paris they brought about the Trojan War. The Iliad[ edit ] Hera plays a substantial role in The Iliadappearing in a number of books throughout the epic poem. In accordance with ancient Greek mythology, Hera's hatred towards the Trojanswhich was started by Paris' decision that Aphrodite was the most beautiful goddess, is seen as through her support of the Greeks during the war.
Throughout the epic Hera makes many attempts to thwart the Trojan army.
Zeus and Hera Compare/Contrast Essay
In books 1 and 2, Hera declares that the Trojans must be destroyed. Hera persuades Athena to aid the Achaeans in battle and she agrees to assist with interfering on their behalf.
Diomedes called for his soldiers to fall back slowly. Hera, Ares' mother, saw Ares' interference and asked ZeusAres' father, for permission to drive Ares away from the battlefield. Hera encouraged Diomedes to attack Ares and he threw his spear at the god. Athena drove the spear into Ares' body, and he bellowed in pain and fled to Mt. Olympusforcing the Trojans to fall back. In book 8, Hera tries to persuade Poseidon to disobey Zeus and help the Achaean army.
Determined to intervene in the war, Hera and Athena head to the battlefield. However, seeing the two flee, Zeus sent Iris to intercept them and make them return to Mt. Olympus or face grave consequences.
After prolonged fighting, Hera sees Poseidon aiding the Greeks and giving them motivation to keep fighting. In book 14 Hera devises a plan to deceive Zeus. Zeus set a decree that the gods were not allowed to interfere in the mortal war.
The Rocky Relationship of Zeus and Hera
Hera is on the side of the Achaeans, so she plans a Deception of Zeus where she seduces him, with help from Aphrodite, and tricks him into a deep sleep, with the help of Hypnosso that the Gods could interfere without the fear of Zeus. Hephaestus sets the battlefield ablaze, causing the river to plead with Hera, promising her he will not help the Trojans if Hephaestus stops his attack. Hephaestus stops his assault and Hera returns to the battlefield where the gods begin to fight amongst themselves.
When Hera discovered the deception, she cursed Echo to only repeat the words of others hence our modern word " echo ". Hera, in the guise of Stentor, urges the Argives into battle Athene Athena tells Diomedes to attack Ares because he lied to her and Hera about helping the Argives Zeus tells Ares to stop complaining about his wounds because his mother, Hera, is unstoppable in her anger Agamemnon pledges to Zeus, lord of Hera, that there will be a temporary truce so that the dead soldiers can be taken from the battlefield Hera urges Poseidon to defy Zeus and assist the Danaans Poseidon tells Hera that they should not defy Zeus because he is the strongest of the Olympians Zeus sends Iris to Hera and Athene Athena to warn them to turn their chariot back from the battlefield Iris repeats the words of Zeus and commands Hera and Athene Athena to turn their chariot back from the battlefield Hera tells Pallas Athene Athena that they must obey the command of Zeus and not interfere with the battle for Troy The goddesses, Hera and Athene Athenareturn to Mount Olympos Olympus and seat themselves on golden couches with the other Immortals Hera tells Zeus that she will give good counsel to the Danaans but not interfere with the fighting at Troy Zeus tells Hera that on the next day Hektor Hector will kill more Argives Before Akhilleus Achilles left for Troy, his father, Peleus, told him that Athene Athena and Hera would give him strength but only he could control the anger in his proud heart The spy, Dolon, is promised the horses and chariot of Akhilleus Achilles if he successfully invades the camp of the Danaans; Hektor Hector swears an oath by Zeus, lord of Hera, to give Dolon these rewards As Agamemnon dressed for battle, Hera and Athene Athena caused thunder to clash about him to show their approval and protection Hektor Hector calls to the Trojans and says that he is driven on by the greatest of all gods, the lord of Hera Hektor Hector taunts Aias saying that if he had been a son of Zeus and Hera and honored like Apollon and Athene Athena all the Akhaians Achaeans would die on his spear As she sat atop Mount Olympos OlympusHera was happy to see Poseidon fighting on the side of the Akhaians Achaeans but was worried that Zeus might interfere As Poseidon fought on the side of the Akhaians AchaeansHera was afraid that Zeus would see his brother from where he sat on Mount Ida Hera was undecided as to what she should do to distract Zeus while Poseidon fought against the Trojans Hera went to her private chambers and dressed for her encounter with Zeus Hera wants to ask Aphrodite for help but is afraid that she would refuse Aphrodite promises to help Hera in any way she can Hera asks Aphrodite for loveliness and grace so that she can seduce Zeus Aphrodite says that she will help Hera seduce Zeus Aphrodite gives Hera a love charm to entice Zeus Hera took the love charm from Aphrodite and hid it in her clothing Hera promises Hypnos Sleepthe brother of Thanatos Deathmany gifts if he will use his powers on Zeus Hypnos Sleep tells Hera that he is hesitant to use his powers on Zeus because Nyx Night had to rescue him the last time he did such a thing Hera promises to give Hypnos Sleep one of the Graces in marriage if he will use his powers on Zeus Hera goes to the peak of Mount Ida to find Zeus When Hera encounters Zeus on Mount Ida, he asks her to stay so that they can renew their love Hera tells Zeus that it would be shameful if the other Immortals saw them on Mount Ida Zeus tells Hera that he will surround them with a golden cloud so the other Immortals cannot see them Hypnos Sleep goes to Poseidon and tells him that it is safe to fight on the side of the Danaans because Hera has beguiled Zeus Zeus awoke on Mount Ida with Hera at his side and realized that he had been tricked On Mount Ida, Zeus threatens Hera with violence when he realizes that she has beguiled him Hera swears to Zeus, by heaven, earth and the water of Styx, that Poseidon entered the battle between the Trojans and Danaans without her prompting Zeus sends Hera to fetch Iris so that he may send a warning to Poseidon The goddess, Themis, says that Hera looks frightened The goddess, Themis, knows that Zeus has frightened Hera Therefore because of this she would do something back in return to all of those women in return, warning them not to ever come near Zeus again.
Also Zeus would get very angry, for example at Hera when she does something bad to all the women that he loves or likes.
This clearly states that they both will do anything to get revenge, and they both get very angry easily. Sometimes at each other or towards someone else. They control over different things, which makes them different from each other. While reading the Treasury of Greek Napoli pg. They rule over different things and they control it in a different way. Therefore this clearly states that Zeus and Hera are different because they rule over two different things.
Another difference that Zeus and Hera have is that Hera is sacred for the cow, lion, and the peacock, but on the other hand Zeus is sacred for rams and eagles.