How are India-China relations? - Quora
India-China relationship: Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping met in to thaw the Indo -China tensions following the conflict between the two. Both sides agree that the relationship between India and China, the two and stated that it will actively support and participate in the event. IV. China–India relations, also called Sino-Indian relations or Indo-Chinese relations , refers to the .. With Indian support, Tibetan delegates signed an agreement in May recognizing PRC sovereignty but guaranteeing that the existing.
The two sides agree to hold regular Summit-level meetings, in each other's country and in multilateral forums. They agree that high-level exchanges between Governments, Parliaments and political parties play an important role in expanding overall bilateral cooperation.
In order to sustain, facilitate and promote greater engagement between the two countries, an additional Consulate General shall be opened in each other's country. In this context, the mutually satisfactory resolution of the long-pending issue of the property of the Consulate General of India in Shanghai is a positive development.
Strengthening Institutional Linkages and Dialogue Mechanisms: The two sides shall strengthen institutional linkages between their Governments in different areas and levels with a view to foster synergy and cooperation and promote greater understanding of each other's policies and positions on important national, regional and international issues. The concerned ministries and organisations of the two countries shall intensify exchanges under the existing dialogue mechanisms and revitalise those that have not been regularly used.
The signing of the Protocol of Cooperation between the Ministry of External Affairs of India and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China during the visit is an important step in this direction.
Consolidating Commercial and Economic Exchanges: Both sides believe that comprehensive economic and commercial engagement between India and China is a core component of their Strategic and Cooperative Partnership. They shall make joint efforts to diversify their trade basket, remove existing impediments, and optimally utilise the present and potential complementarities in their economies, in order to sustain and further strengthen bilateral commercial and economic cooperation.
Towards this end, both sides will attach utmost priority to an early implementation of the decisions taken in March by the Ministerial-level Joint Economic Group, including the recommendations of the Joint Study Group, through mechanisms already created for this purpose. The conclusion of the Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement during the visit is a welcome development that will provide the institutional and legal basis to encourage and promote greater investment flows between the two countries.
The Indian side expressed its appreciation and stated that it will actively support and participate in the event. The two sides agree to further strengthen positive trends in the all-round development of relations and fully realize the substantial potential of cooperation, including in trade, industry, finance, agriculture, water resources, energy, environment, transportation, infrastructure, information technology, health, education, media, culture, tourism, youth affairs and other fields.
Both sides agree to fully implement the provisions of the Memorandum on Cooperation in the field of Oil and Natural Gas signed in January and encourage collaboration between their enterprises, including through joint exploration and development of hydrocarbon resources in third countries. Given the complementarities that India and China enjoy in the area of information and communication technology, the two sides agreed to strengthen mutually beneficial cooperation in this sector, through closer policy dialogue and enhanced collaboration among their enterprises, including in third countries.
The two sides shall fully implement the Memorandum of Understanding on Agricultural Cooperation, step up the exchange of experience in the field of agriculture and rural development, including food security, and hold discussions and consultations on the standards for agricultural goods at an early date in order to facilitate trade in such goods.
The two sides will set up an expert-level mechanism to discuss interaction and cooperation on the provision of flood season hydrological data, emergency management and other issues regarding trans-border rivers as agreed between them. Both sides shall intensify their consultations, bilaterally and in multilateral fora, on sustainable development, bio-diversity, climate change and other related environmental issues of common concern.
The cooperation in wildlife conservation, particularly in tiger conservation, shall be stepped up. The exchange of visits in the field of defence has resulted in building of mutual trust and enhancement of mutual understanding between the defence establishments of the two countries.
Both sides shall fully implement the provisions of the Memorandum of Understanding for Exchanges and Cooperation in the field of Defence signed on 29 Maywhich provides a sound foundation and institutional framework for further development of defence cooperation. Seeking Early Settlement of Outstanding Issues: Both sides are committed to resolving outstanding differences, including on the boundary question, through peaceful means and in a fair, reasonable, mutually acceptable and proactive manner, while ensuring that such differences are not allowed to affect the positive development of bilateral relations.
The Special Representatives of India and China on the boundary question have taken steps and shall continue to strive to arrive at a boundary settlement on the basis of the Agreement on Political Parameters and Guiding Principles for the Settlement of India-China Boundary Question signed on 11 April An early settlement of the boundary question will advance the basic interests of the two countries and shall, therefore, be pursued as a strategic objective.
The Special Representatives shall complete at an early date the task of finalising an appropriate framework for a final package settlement covering all sectors of the India-China boundary.
Pending the resolution of the boundary question, both sides shall maintain peace and tranquillity in the border areas in accordance with the agreements ofand Along with the talks between the Special Representatives, the Joint Working Group on the India-China Boundary Question shall expedite their work, including on the clarification and confirmation of the line of actual control and the implementation of confidence building measures. It was agreed to complete the process of exchanging maps indicating their respective perceptions of the entire alignment of the LAC on the basis of already agreed parameters as soon as possible.
Promoting Trans-border Connectivity and Cooperation: Both sides shall promote greater trans-border cooperation at mutually agreed sites in India-China border areas with the objective of transforming their border from being a dividing line into a bridge that unites them in cooperative pursuits. In this context, border trade between India and China, including the recent resumption of border trade through the Nathula La Pass, is of significant importance. The two sides shall strengthen border trade through the existing locations, while continuing to explore the possibility of opening additional trading routes in India-China border areas.
The Chinese side shall provide greater facilitation to Indian pilgrims for the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra. Both sides shall explore the possibility of opening an additional route for the Yatra. Boosting Cooperation in Science and Technology: Bearing in mind the priority attached by India and China to scientific and technological development and innovation as a cornerstone of their efforts towards sustainable socio-economic development, the two sides shall establish an India-China Partnership in Science and Technology.
The two sides welcome the establishment of the Ministerial-level Committee on Science and Technology Cooperation as a positive step in guiding, coordinating and facilitating cooperative activities.
They agree to launch joint projects in the areas of i earthquake engineering, ii climate change and weather forecasting, iii nano-technology with focus on advanced materials, and iv biotechnology and medicines with focus on bio-nano. The cooperation framework shall include entrepreneurs on both sides, besides the two Governments and their respective institutions.
As two countries with advanced scientific capabilities, they stress the importance of further deepening cooperation bilaterally as well as through multilateral projects such as ITER, and enhance exchanges in the related academic fields.
As countries, which have made advances in space technologies, both sides reiterate their commitment to the use of outer space for peaceful purposes. They agree to strengthen their cooperation in the use of space-based technologies for peaceful and developmental applications, including through satellite remote sensing, satellite communications, satellite meteorology and satellite launch services.
Cooperation in practical applications of space technology, such as those related to disaster management and distance education, shall also be actively explored. Towards this end, both sides shall fully implement the provisions of the Memoranda of Understanding on the peaceful use of outer space signed between India and China in December and January The centuries-old cultural contacts between the two peoples provide a strong foundation for enduring friendship between India and China.
The initiatives to rediscover these historical linkages and revitalise them in the present day context, including through an early completion of the Xuanzang Memorial in Nalanda and the Indian-style Buddhist Shrine in Luoyang, will further strengthen these bonds. The two sides agree to strengthen cooperation in the area of spiritual and civilizational heritage, discuss collaboration in the digitisation of Buddhist manuscripts available in China as well as the re-development of Nalanda as a major centre of learning with the establishment of an international university on the basis of regional cooperation.
In order to promote greater awareness of each other's culture, the two sides shall organise a "Festival of India" in China and a "Festival of China" in India, with a joint logo.
Detailed modalities in this regard will be decided by the concerned authorities through mutual consultations. In order to promote greater academic exchanges between India and China, the two sides agree to work towards the establishment of an "India-China Exchange Foundation".
Detailed modalities of the Foundation will be worked out through mutual consultations. India-China relations in the field of education will be further strengthened through a new Educational Exchange Programme concluded during the visit. The two sides also agree to launch a five-year programme for mutual exchange of youth delegations. Especially considering the other problems which are already extant. As per Japan Times: If Asia is to prevent water wars, it must build institutionalized cooperation in transboundary basins that co-opts all riparian neighbors China's greater water wall.
There is precisely zero chance of such cooperation happening. What has not happened in 66 years, will not happen in the next 10 either.
Major India-China conflagration is indicated in the years to come - specifically afterwhen the work will start on the river.International Relations(IR) for IAS Exam, GS Paper 2: India - China Relations
You can expect huge problems on this betweengoing upto If we pass these years safely, the chance of War recedes to near zero Military Encirclement Of India with projects, bases and military cooperation with all of India's neighbors. With Pakistan it enjoys a much deeper relationship. This, far too obviously, is not a benign strategy; it is clearly a military as well as diplomatic strategy.
New Delhi is painfully aware of this reality; and this awarenes is already stirring deep concern in policy making circles as well as The Armed Forces, who have started preparing their own contingency plans. This is further exacerbated by the constant military help to Pakistan. The blue-water navy, its objections of Oil Drilling in the seas etc etc are all very, very highly aggressive postures. China sees itself as a powerhouse and the leader in the region, by hook or by crook.
Sino-Indian Relations: History, Problems and Prospects | Harvard International Review
India does not and will not ascribe to that Chinese assertion. Witness our ICBM test which brings Beijing within our reach militarily, and the acerbic and almost childish Chinese response. Port development in Gwadar - Pakistan, Hambantota - Sri Lanka and a port in Burma very effectively circle India and point to a growing Chinese naval capacity in the region. That makes the triad complete India has now been neatly boxed in. Extremely worrisome from the security perspective This is another example of aggressive posturing; China testing the waters to see how much pressure India will take.
This is a direct insult to a sovereign nation; full credit to India and its diplomacy for not allowing this to fester. India's balanced and mature response, as opposed to the outright insulting methods of China, deserves a praise. Now add to this the Chinese premier's statement "China is in no hurry to settle its disputes with India; "Will take a fairly long period of time" - Prime Minister Wen during India visit " Such posturing by an overtly aggressive China has even caused a defence minister to openly declare China as India's principal threat - a statement which was later withdrawn.
But the question remains - for how long will balance, reality and maturity win out? There will come a time when the water passes over the nose Arunachal Pradesh - adequately covered in other answers.
Just one word; India regards Arunachal Pradesh as beyond negotiation. Nothing will be allowed to question the territorial integrity of the nation. I suspect China knows this; which is why it is essential that China understands that any military misadventure by it will prove costly to both nations, not just to India.
And for that, India has to modernize its armed forces to meet the Chinese threat.