Great Britain - Wikipedia
The UK is short for The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern enacted by King Henry VIII which effectively made England and Wales the same country, . Great Britain is the official collective name of of England, Scotland and Wales We could go on to talk about nationalities but maybe we'll save that for another day . Naming of places is heavily influenced by politics and has been .. the same and respect the people of Ireland who refuse to be british!!. Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of , km2 (80, sq mi), it is the largest of the British Isles, the It is derived from the travel writings of the Pytheas around BC, which .. Glasgow Cathedral, a meeting place of the Church of Scotland.
This is rare, but it is worth checking to see what the format, content and style of a meeting will be, so that you are adequately prepared, mentally as well as physically. Business meeting Planning Organisations differ, but in the main there will be a secretary or Personal Assistant PA who controls the diary of the manager you are visiting. The best way to set up a meeting is to arrange it with this person, and then call the day before to confirm your attendance.
You are advised to check in advance if any resources or equipment you require are available, to prevent delays or embarrassment at the meeting. Meetings can be confirmed via email and the majority of UK organisations use this method.
The agenda and names of the attendees are often circulated in advance of the meeting. Whilst many managers do work longer than the official 9am to 5. Normally, the time executives spend in their offices outside of these hours is set aside for them to catch up on work and correspondence they have not been able to get on top of during the day.
Punctuality is expected and appreciated in the UK, but no one really minds if you arrive a few minutes late for a one-to-one meeting, provided there is a good reason e. Obviously, if more people are involved, there is a greater likelihood that someone will have another engagement to attend.
Finally, it should be remembered that the transport network in the UK can frequently cause delays, which means you should always allow additional travelling time, especially when travelling to an important meeting. Local radio stations provide detailed travel information throughout the day, so if you get stuck in traffic, it is advisable to tune into a local station and telephone the person you are meeting if you are going to be late. This will enable the meeting chairperson to decide whether to wait, or whether to start the meeting as planned and give your apologies.
Please beware that use of a mobile phone is not legal whilst driving. So, you should park in a safe place to make or answer any phone calls or use hands free kit. Negotiation Process It is advisable to send a senior manager to discuss business issues in the UK rather than a junior employee.
This stems from a certain degree of distrust of young managers that is still rooted in British culture. This does not necessarily mean that British managers find young people to be incompetent. Some senior managers may have relatively few formal qualifications and may traditionally value experience and expertise as indicators of success. Moreover, sending senior individuals provides more credibility and a sense of authority, which is essential for successful business negotiations.
However, these attitudes are gradually changing and it is probable that in modern companies and young industries such as Information Technology, these findings may not necessarily hold true. This varies depending on the industry and location of the company you are visiting, with knowledge-based companies often being more liberal compared to traditional manufacturing organisations. If you encounter prejudice or discrimination in your dealings with a British manager, you should maintain a professional demeanour and seek advice or instructions from your own company or an agent that you may be working with in the UK.
During the negotiation process, it is necessary to keep in mind that British business professionals often approach their work in a detached and emotionless way. They will tend to look for objective facts and solid evidence, so emotional persuasion techniques are usually a waste of time.
Personal bonds also seem to have little relevance for business in the UK, which differs from other European countries. Aggressive selling techniques such as derogatory remarks about the competition, on the other hand, will probably have very little positive influence on your business partners and may actually be counterproductive.
Similarly, any facial expressions tend to be kept to a minimum, thus making it difficult to guess the thoughts and opinions of British negotiators. This behaviour is not suspicious or mistrustful; it is just the typical professional approach. Also, it is advisable to be aware of the hierarchical structure of the particular organisation with which you are dealing.
In the UK, it is common for companies to declare that they value teamwork and democracy even though, in practice, the senior manager is the person who makes the final decision. Meeting protocol The traditional greeting among British managers is a light but firm handshake accompanied by a polite greeting. In general, British people are more reserved than continental Europeans and you should refrain from physical contact apart from the initial handshake. Sometimes at the start of a meeting, with many attendees, the chairperson will arrange to go around the table, with each person introducing themselves, with their name and job title, and if external to the organisation, the company they represent.
How to run a business meeting When running a meeting, the most important factor to be aware of is the planning and preparation necessary to ensure the meeting achieves its objectives.
Hence, the agenda for the meeting should stipulate clearly who is invited, the meeting location, date, time and what is expected to be discussed. Individual communications with attendees might be necessary to explain the expected format of the content. Increasingly, meetings are placing emphasise on shorter presentations and give more focus to discussion and question and answer type activities. Although the agenda is usually followed, people are not stopped if they digress and are allowed to explore related matters in detail.
It is important to ensure that all required attendees are aware of the meeting, and of any necessary work they may need to do in advance. Attendees are always expected to confirm their attendance and may sometimes put forward a replacement delegate, if they are unable to attend themselves.
It is also important to ensure a meeting location is appropriate, that the room has all the required facilities, and enough space for the numbers likely to attend. If you are responsible for the meeting, it is advisable to arrive early to check the room layout, chairs, desk or tables etc. If people arrive to find a shortage of chairs, it will delay the start of the meeting and cause unnecessary disruption. If a meeting includes non-English speaking attendees, it may be necessary to ensure that an interpreter is available, which should be arranged several weeks ahead of the meeting.
Any presentations that have been completed and sent in advance may need to be checked and pre-loaded onto the computer that will be used for the meeting or duplicated for distribution in print. Some organisations prefer PowerPoint presentations and meeting documents to be circulated in advance of the meeting, so that all attendees are able to review any materials that will need to be discussed. This often increases the efficiency of the meeting, freeing up more time for valuable debate and discussion and helping to advance business goals.
It is courteous in the UK to allow other people to speak, and not to interrupt them while they do. It is also useful to obtain feedback after the meeting and establish what the attendees thought of the content and the discussion. Actions for any decisions that were taken, including the attribution of responsibilities and deadlines applicable will normally be included in the minutes of group meetings and should always be reviewed.
In one-to-one meetings, individuals are normally responsible for making their own record of any important points of discussion and action items. It is important that action items are followed up and completed within the timescales agreed in order to maintain credibility and prove that the responsibility was well-placed.
However, there has been a huge decline in the role of the Church in Britain since the middle of the last Century with less than half the population attending Church services or believing in God. It is estimated that a third of the population have no religious connection. Thirty percent of the UK population affiliates to the official Church of England while ten percent identify with the Roman Catholic religion.
Those who affiliate to the Christian religion outside of Protestantism and Catholicism accept other Protestant denominations: Presbyterian, Baptist and Methodist. Other celebrations are known as Bank Holidays: Bank Holidays take place at the weekend with most other businesses and institutions closed on the following Monday.
The Family Until the middle of the 20th Century, marriage was the standard for British families which comprised two parents with the father as the head of the household.
However, in the last few decades, there has been a rise in single parent families and many more couples are choosing to co-habit rather than to marry. Divorce at one time was also unthinkable but in the last few decades it has become more acceptable. Marriage too is changing with same sex couples now permitted to marry in law or enter into Civil Partnerships.
Although in the last few decades, there has been some reported instability in family life regarding single motherhood and marital breakdown family relationships continue to be close with two thirds of the population living in close proximity to immediate family and extended family.
There remains a commitment for younger family to take care of elderly relatives. Mobility in the workforce has changed in the last decade so that many younger people live some distance from close family but kinship relationships continue to be close with regular communication and family reunions.
These are high ranking nobility who hold hereditary titles, wealth and privilege. Traditionally the working classes defined themselves as hard working and with no social privilege, born into a family dependent upon unskilled labour. Historically, the working classes were unlikely to have access to higher education. However, in the past few decades, people from varied backgrounds have had greater access to higher education and business opportunities which is levelling wealth distribution and allowing for upward mobility.
Hence the middle class and the working class at have become more homogeneous although there is still very much an elite and privileged class in Britain. Gender Roles Until the middle of the 20th Century, gender roles were very much male dominated.
The man was the head of the household. Many jobs were male oriented such as bus, train and lorry driving in working class culture and men were deemed more able to deal with finance working in banks and financial organisations. Although women were accepted in the military and the police force, their roles tended to be passive in contrast to their male counterparts. However, in the s national debate began to materialise championing the employment rights of women in society.
The discussion regarding women during this period concentrated upon life balance between the workforce and family. It is estimated that more than fifty percent of women in the UK work, albeit half of those are part-time workers, much of this being in the service industry.
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Despite the changes made in the last few decades relating to women in the workforce and education there is still much debate regarding gender division in respect to status in the work-place and pay levels. In addition, three quarters of women who are working on a full-time basis, believe the household chores and evening meal should be shared. However, more than half of those women say they take on all responsibility for the running of the family home while working full time.
Socialization The mother is typically the primary carer of new born babies and small children. Employment law enables them to take a year off work following childbirth to care for their new-born baby.
Gender led toys and family life often mean that gender roles are formed at a fairly early age. There is a popular expectation that girls will dress in pink, wear nice dresses and play with dolls while boys are often encouraged to dress in blue and play with toys such as tractors and cars.
The UK imports a quarter of its food from the EU but with the collapse in the value of the Pound against the Dollar following the vote for Britain to leave the European Union, prices are set to rise dramatically. Food Even if British food has not got an exceptional reputation in the world, there are some traditional foods in the United Kingdom and traditional British beers.
The English breakfast and fish and chips are the most iconic dishes in the UK.
What’s the Difference Between England, Britain and the U.K.?
Furthermore, as it is a multicultural country, you can now enjoy food from all parts of the world in the UK. The theatres have long been well supported with entertainment ranging from music to drama and to comedy. In the 19th Century, the Music Hall was the mainstay of entertainment offering all manner of acts from singing to acrobatics.
The cinema is very popular as are the numerous social clubs across the country. Music too plays an important role in popular culture and has been the forerunner in exports. Jungle, Dubstep, Grime and other modern forms of dance music also originate from the UK. Traditionally music and social gatherings have been the cement in isolated communities over the centuries with dancing and singing.
The Scottish and Irish Ceilidh is a traditional social gathering involving Gaelic folk music and dancing either in a house or larger venue. Art and literature has also played a focal part in the history of UK culture. This is traditionally followed by a middle name and then the family name which in the UK is known as the surname. In previous centuries children tended to be named after a member of the family or a religious figure.
Catholic families, in particular, tend to name their children after saints. In modern times, children are often given names that are liked by the parents and which have no particular significance regarding family or religion.
Some children are named after famous football stars, singers or film actors. The etiquette when greeting is to shake hands with all those present, even children. At social or business meetings, it is polite to also shake hands upon leaving. Hand-shakes should not be too hearty, just a light friendly touch. Last names should be used with the appropriate title unless specifically invited to use the first name. Communication style The British have an interesting mix of communication styles encompassing both understatement and direct communication.
Many older businesspeople or those from the 'upper class' rely heavily upon formal use of established protocol. Most British are masters of understatement and do not use effusive language. When communicating with people they see as equal to themselves in rank or class, the British are direct, but modest.
If communicating with someone they know well, their style may be more informal, although they will still be reserved. Written communication follows strict rules of protocol. How a letter is closed varies depending upon how well the writer knows the recipient.
Written communication is always addressed using the person's title and their surname. First names are not generally used in written communication, unless you know the person well.
E-mail is now much more widespread, however the communication style remains more formal, at least initially, than in many other countries. Most British will not use slang or abbreviations and will think negatively if your communication appears overly familiar. Gift Giving It is customary to take a small gift for the host if invited to their home. This is usually either a bottle of wine, flowers or chocolates.
Some people may send flowers in advance of a dinner party but it is equally acceptable to take them on the day. Gifts are opened on receipt. It is not usual for gifts to be exchanged in a business setting.