Transept | architecture | danunah.info
Apse A semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault at the east end A place of worship sometimes attached to a large church and found in the ceilings of buildings, particularly at the intersection of a vault. An upper level of a Roman basilica or of the nave of a Romanesque or Gothic church. Decorative sculpture at the intersection of two vault ribs. Braces The central space in a church where the nave, chancel, and transepts meet. In English cathedrals of monastic foundation there are often two transepts. The intersection where the nave and transept meet is called.
Design[ edit ] Cathedral floorplans are designed to provide for the liturgical rites of the church. Unlike the Roman and Greek religions, where priests performed rituals without public participation, Christian worship involved the believers. Thus, the limited spaces used in pagan temples were not suitable to Christian worship. This included an entry on one end of a long narrow, covered space with a raised dais at the other end.
Upon the dais, public officials would hear legal cases, or expound on some matter of public interest. Dictionary[ edit ] Aisle: A pair of walkways that are parallel to the primary public spaces in the church, e. The aisles are separated from the public areas by pillars supporting the upper walls, called an arcade.
A specific name for the curved aisle around the choir  Apse: The end of the building opposite the main entry. Often circular, but it can be angular or flat. In medieval traditions, it was the east end of the building. Large stone pier holding the roof vaults in place. The home church of a Bishopwhich contains the cathedra or bishop's chair. Parclose screen A wooden screen partitioning a section of an aisle as a chapel. Perpendicular A style of Gothic architecture popular in England from the mid 14th to the mid 16th century.
Characterised by tracery with patterns of intersecting horizontal and vertical lines. Pier A support usually made of masonry or brick for an arch. Generally larger and heavier than a column.
Piscina A niche with a drain like a sink used to wash liturgical vessels after the mass. From presbyter, Latin for priest. Prior A superior officer in a male religious house. Pulpit A raised platform for preaching. Pulpitum A stone screen dividing the nave and choir of a great church.
Church architectural elements - Wikimedia Commons
The upper section was used as a pulpit for preaching, for a choir, and sometimes for an organ. Purbeck A dark-coloured, shelly limestone from the Isle of Purbeck Dorset that can be polished to a high sheen. Purgatory Purgatory Latin purgare: It was one of the doctrines rejected by Protestants at the Reformation.
Time spent in Purgatory could be shortened by prayers, and especially masses, said by the living, and by indulgences granted by the Pope, often in return for contributions to church building funds or upon the completion of a pilgrimage. The basic principles behind the doctrine of Purgatory go back at least to early Christian times, but they were more clearly formulated in the Middle Ages, leading to a rise in chantry foundations.
Quire Archaic term for the chancel or choir. Refectory The communal dining hall of a monastery. Sometimes called a 'frater'. Renaissance The 15th- and 16th-century intellectual and artistic revival of forms from Ancient Greece and Rome. Rere-arch Arch supporting the inner part of the wall around a window or door.
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Reticulated A type of window tracery which has a net-like pattern formed by a series of inter-linked ogee arches. It was common in the early 14th-century Decorated style from Latin opus reticulatum: Retrochoir The part of the church to the east or behind Latin retro the choir. Almost all medieval roods were destroyed at the Reformation. Rood screen Screen originally surmounted by a Rood. Romanesque The architectural style common in Western Europe in the 11th and 12th centuries.
It is characterised by massive masonry and round-headed arches inspired by ancient Roman models, and by the use of stylised ornament. In England it is often called Norman.
Of, or pertaining to, the world. Secular clergy were priests, not monks. Sedilia A row of one or more seats near the altar for the officiating priest and his assistants.
Shaft The body of a column or pillar between the base and the capital. It is especially used for the small columns found around a window, door, or other opening. Shafts are generally round, but may also be polygonal.
Shaft ring A characteristically Early English-style moulded band around a shaft. Used to cover the joints between the sections of a detached shaft, but also as a decorative feature. Shrine A repository for the relics of a saint. Often in the form of an elaborate tomb embellished with gems and precious metals. Spire The pointed top of a tower. Stiff-leaf A type of foliage ornament typical of the Early English style.
Church architectural elements
String course A horizontal moulding projecting from the surface of the wall. Used to visually separate different parts of the elevation.
Tabernacle A canopied frame like a miniature building, used around an image or over a statue. Tierceron A type of ornamental vaulting rib. Tithe A tax of 10 per cent of all income which was given to the parish church to support the priest and the work of the church. Tithes were taken on agricultural produce such as grain and newly born animals, on manufactured goods such as woollens, and on money income.
In the Middle Ages and early modern period the payment of tithes was compulsory. Tracery The open-work pattern within an opening, especially the upper part of a window. Blind tracery is applied to a solid wall. Plate tracery has a decorative pattern of shapes cut through a solid surface, while in bar tracery the patterns are formed by shaped intersecting bands of stonework.
Transept A cross-ways compartment of a church, generally used as a pair leading off the crossing at the junction of the nave and choir. Tympanum The surface within the head of an arch or pediment. Vault A curved stone ceiling.
A barrel vault is simply an arched stone tunnel.